Posted in Geometric topology

## MATH-F-420: Differential geometry

##### Monday 16:00-18:00, P.OF.2058

Announcement for this course.

Slides:

Handouts:

Miscellanea: test problems, exam, etc.

Posted in Geometric topology

## On the differential of a mapping

From on Warner’s book.

Smooth curve on manifold ${M}$:

A ${C^\infty}$ mapping ${\alpha : (a, b) \rightarrow M}$. Let ${t \in (a, b)}$, we define the tangent vector of the curve ${\alpha}$ at ${t}$ is the vector

$\displaystyle d\alpha\bigg(\dfrac{d}{dt}\bigg|_{t = 0}\bigg) \in T_{\alpha(0)}M.$

we apply the formula

$\displaystyle d\psi(v)(g) = v(g \circ \psi),$

where ${g}$ is an any function on ${M}$.

Put ${\psi = \alpha(t)}$ and ${v = \dfrac{d}{dt}\alpha(t)\big|_{t = 0}}$, the above formula implies

$\displaystyle d\alpha(\frac{d}{dt}\big|_{t=0})(f) = (\frac{d}{dt}\big|_{t=0})(f \circ \alpha) = \frac{d}{dt}(f \circ \alpha)\big|_{t=0}.$

This is directional derivative.